The Department of Pediatrics of the National Taiwan University Hospital provides comprehensive care for all newborns, infants, children, and adolescents. Our faculties include a full range of pediatric sub-specialists,including pediatric cardiology, gastroenterology and hepatology, hematology and oncology, immunology and rheumatology, nephrology, neurology, endocrinology, neonatology, infectious disease, medical genetics and pediatric intensive care. We also cooperate with many other specialists in pediatric surgery, pediatric anesthesiology, pediatric radiology, pediatric psychiatry, pediatric dentistry, pediatric ENT and pediatric urology for caring those children in need.
Our faculty is also engaged in a wide variety of research studies, ranging from basic laboratory-based studies to clinical disease-oriented investigations. Writing medical articles is also an important part of residency training in our department and it helps young doctors to be interested in medical research.
Taiwan Hospital was founded in 1895, and renamed as Taipei Hospital the next year. In the beginning, there was only Department of Internal Medicine responsible for caring both adult and child patients. In 1906, when Taipei Hospital was remodeled as Taiwan Governor Taipei Hospital, the Department of Pediatrics was separated from the Department of Internal Medicine and Usuki Saika was the director then. In 1919, the class in medicine was reorganized into Taiwan
Governor Medical School. In 1921, Togawa Tokufu took the position of director of the Pediatric Unit. He was also a teacher, specializing in Pediatrics. That was the beginning of Pediatric teaching in this country. He resigned in 1922, and then Yasui Keinosuke became the director and the professor of Pediatrics Unit. When he went on a trip to Europe for research, Sakai Kiyoshi took his place to be the director of the Unit.
Taiwan Governor Medical School was reorganized into Taihoku Imperial University Faculty of Medicine in 1936, and Taipei Hospital was remodeled as Taihoku Imperial University Hospital two years late~ Pediatric Classroom was founded then. Sakai Kiyoshi was the first classroom director, Murakami Katsumi the teaching assistant; and Huo-Yao Wei returned from Tokyo to serve as an instructor the same year. It was the first time that a local physician participating in pediatric teaching.
Following Taiwan's retrocession to Chinese Sovereignty in 1945, Taihoku imperial University Hospital was renamed as National Taiwan University Hospital. Sakai Kiyoshi was required to remain his former position. He returned to Japan two years later, and Huo-Yao Wei took his position to be the director. Jong-Lin Chen, Rui-Yun Syu, Ting-Jian Lee, and Jong-Hui Chen intermittently joined the team of pediatric teachers.
(1) The large-scale, and long-term follow-up childhood hepatitis B studies generate many important findings, including the implement of vaccination to prevent the occurrence of hepatoma. Most of the results were published in the most outstanding international medicaljournals, including New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, Annals of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and so on.
The study in cholestasis set up the background information of genetic defect of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis and determined the important role of cytomegalovirus in neonatal hepatitis. Recently, we are interested in hepatic stem cell research and pediatric liver and hepatocyte transplantation.
(2) The immunoiogicai studies, including the genetic and molecular diagnosis of Wiscott-Aldrich syndrome, severe combined immunodeficiency, obtained a lot of important findings in this field. The basic mechanism of atopic dermatitis was explored in both animal models and human subjects and the results were published in the top journal of immunology field, Journal of Immunoiogy. We also develop a novel approach-gene therapy to treat childhood asthma.
(3) The cord blood cell transplantation is now on clinicaltriai. The targeted population of this kind of therapy includes leukemia, inborn error of metabolism, thalassemia, and so on.
(1)4th-year students --General introduction of Pediatrics
Total 16 hours, one hour per week. Introduce principles of Pediatrics, including growth and development, nutrition and common diseases
(2)6th-year students --- Pediatrics
Through small group teaching and interactive experience, the Gth-year students meet with different teachers over the entire 6-week rotation. The goals are for the students to learn and practice: presenting a pediatric case, developing a problem list and determining a differential diagnosis for common pediatric problems.
(3)6th-year students --- Outpatient clinic of Pediatrics
Through taking history, performing physical examinations and making tentative diagnosis,students become more familiar with visiting a pediatric patient and catching the important points leading to the diagnosis.
(4)7th-year students (interns)
Interns rotate to Department of Pediatrics for total 8 weeks. They start primary care for the hospitalized patients in general ward and involve the care of critical patients in PICU or NICU. We have morning meetings everyday and interns are responsible to present cases for discussion. Journal readings and teaching lectures are arranged every week, led by senior residents or attending physicians.